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Why is dog sense of smell so good?

Why it is a good thing to talk to your dog-art

If you ask just any person in the world what dogs are famous for they would say that it’s the sense of smell. Our canine pupils aren’t just well known for being man’s most loyal friends but one of the best trackers too.

What’s the secret of dogs’ great smelling skill?

It is mainly due to the construction of their nose. This part of their body can do a lot more than just wake up their owners with a cool touch.

It can work like a computer able to memorise hundreds of thousands of scents. Estimations say that dog’s sense of smell is from 10 to 100 thousand times more sensitive than human’s. Dog nose can sense not only food or other animals but also emotions or gender – dogs live in the world of smell.

Wet dog’s nose can catch small scent molecules from the air. This is the reason why it is constantly moistened with special slime mucus. It works in a similar way to a wet sponge which can catch any smells from around. In the next step they are transported to the brain through neurotransmitters. But this is not the end of the list of dog nose skills. Dogs can move both of their nostrils independently at the same time which enables them to find the source of every smell!

Not all dog races have the same level of this skill. The first place definitely belongs to Bloodhounds which have as many as 300 million smell receptors. Humans have only 5 million.

Dogs sense of smell in service of people

People have been using dog noses for centuries. Proper dog training enables them to become professional in various roles.

Police and army dogs

Four-legged officers can be found among police, army or customs servicemen. Their main task is to detect drugs or weapons but they can do lots more.
Dogs can cut just any smell apart. Thanks to this they don’t get mislead by any camouflage like petrol or coffee. Training dogs allows them to track a person even after 10 days!

Hunting dogs

Hunting races are particularly gifted among the whole family of dogs. Today’s hunting has rather become nothing more but a bloodless sport thanks to which these amazing dogs can develop their great skills.

Rescue dogs

Professional training of puppies can result in making them professional lifeguards once they grow up.

Dogs help find victims of natural disasters or lost people. It is estimated that one canine hero can search particular area in one hour, which would require 20 people and 4 hours to do the same job!

Using dog sense of smell in everyday situations

Smelling is our pupils’ most important sense. Thus it is very important to let them develop this skill through play from the very beginning. Also playing with a grown up dog is equally important.

For example searching for some hidden treats can bring a lot of fun for your pupil and you too. Next time your dog wants to sniff some other one in the park let him or her do so. This is their way to discover the world around them and to communicate with the environment. This is how they experience stimuli which they need so much to learn how to function in the dog’s world.

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