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Periodontal diseases in dogs

Periodontal diseases in dogs

Over 60% of dogs suffer from various teeth and gum diseases. Proper oral hygiene is a must when it comes to dogs – dental problems may cause lowered mood or even serious heath issues. Neglecting oral hygiene may result in developing periodontal diseases such as pharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection or even liver and kidney abscess.

It is essential for you to keep an eye on the state of your dog’s teeth and gums, to make sure they are cleaned properly and, if necessary, visit a veterinary dentist.

If you want to prevent plaque build-up, the only solution is to take care of the oral hygiene of your dog from the start. Getting a puppy used to a toothbrush or special tooth wipes is a very good idea. However, you must never use toothpastes made for humans as they contain xylitol – a substance which is harmful for dogs.

How to prevent plaque build-up?

There are two types of preventive measures when it comes to your dog’s oral hygiene.

Active care means brushing their teeth with a dedicated toothpaste or gel. Active care may also mean using special tooth wipes or pads.

Passive care means providing your dog with an appropriate diet. Giving them healthy chews and treats will help in cleaning their teeth and gums. To ensure of the proper oral hygiene we can also use some water additives and enzymatic toothpastes that can be used without brushing.

The symptoms of dental issues in dogs include:

Neglecting oral hygiene or improper cleaning may result in various dental issues. The most common are:

– Bad breath
– Pain while eating / loss of appetite
– Excessive drooling
– Reddened gums
– Tooth loss
– Gum bleeding
– Facial swelling

If you notice any of these symptoms you should visit a veterinarian specialised in dental care as soon as possible. Not all of the symptoms require surgical intervention – sometimes a veterinary dentist may advise you to use special toothpaste or tell you how to take care of your dog’s oral hygiene. Dogs may not be able to smile but having healthy teeth will make them happy, that’s for sure!

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